Art Deco is a creative but ephemeral movement that had a great impact on the architecture of many cities in the United States, and also influenced the art, fashion, and furniture as well. Between 1925 and 1940, Art Deco was espoused by Americans as an invigorating transformation from the revivalist and unbigoted sensibilities that forerun.
Art Deco – Origin
The name art deco is derived from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs Industriels et Modernes, that was held in Paris in the year 1925. Organized by a French artists’ association, the show included a decoration which then came to be known as art deco. Buildings were largely bedecked with low relief, hard edged designs; elegant sunrise and floral patterns; and different geometric shapes including ziggurats and chevrons.
While some buildings made use of costly hand-crafted decorations, others used less expensive machine-made ones. Also, to bring down costs, decorative aspects were usually used only in those building parts that were visible. Old Miami Beach, Florida is one of the most comprehensive art deco environments in the United States that produced effective associations between designers, sculptors, painters, and architects.
The most commonly used materials for art deco in NYC construction were terracotta, smooth-faced stone, concrete, and stucco. Aluminum and steel were also used, but with vitrolite (an opaque pigmented glass) and glass blocks.
In traditional NYC art deco, rectangular blocks were usually placed in geometric style, after which curved decorative materials were used to break them up. However, the focus always was to form a concrete look with ornamental patterns.
In some designs, entrances were enveloped with intricate pediments and pillars, and those were decorated with either a concave decoration like fluting (vertical shallow grooves) or a convex decoration like reeding (parallel strips). Based on the designer and project, the extent and quality of these ornamental motifs differ.
Windows were usually round or square in shape, and to give the building a sleek look, they were often arranged in sequence. Glass blocks or decorative glasses were used to fill wall openings, giving a beautiful solid contrast while also letting in daylight.
The art deco style in NYC has evolved over the years, with many building owners trying to maintain the style to stay looking as good as new. However, only a very few have succeeded at this. Flatiron Lounge maintains the atmosphere of this historic era, the classiness of which is still maintained. As a tribute to the glorious 20s, the lounge has a 30 feet long art deco counter that once belonged to the famous Manhattan Ballroom. To enjoy the beautiful NYC art deco, lively ambiance and of course the designer cocktails, visit Flatiron Lounge at any convenient time.